Over the years, the impact of this invisible tug-of-war has left a generation of confused youth.
With not much development and less empowerment, the local population is geared toward a contemporary lifestyle, proving to be more dangerous overtime.
But the communities of Kutubu LLG are no longer waiting for government intervention.
Local authority figures have encouraged youth groups to take the social responsibility in keeping the young generation in line.
One such group is the Kutubu Theater Youth Group formed in 2004.