Chancellor Philip Hammond has set out plans for them in the Budget.
He says these type of qualifications have not always been on an equal footing with academic ones - and wants that to change.
T-levels will allow 16 to 19-year-olds to study in 15 sectors in subjects like hair and beauty or construction.
The courses will replace thousands that are currently on offer and it's claimed they will make access to the job market easier.
Students in further education or technical college will also be eligible for maintenance loans.