Resuming on 114-0 and needing just 56 more runs to win in Brisbane, David Warner (87no) and Cameron Bancroft (82no) needed just over an hour on the final day to seal a convincing win in a game that, for the first three days, seemed right in the balance.
The result maintains Australia's record of not having lost a Test match at the Gabba since a West Indies triumph in 1988, England's last win at the famous old stadium came in 1986.
On the third anniversary of the death of Phillip Hughes, the Australian players wore black armbands and marked the occasion with a thoroughly professional display, Warner and Bancroft providing England with little encouragement as they made sure of the win.
While England were able to keep Bancroft tied down early on, Warner scored freely from the off, effortlessly finding the gaps in the field.
The target was gradually whittled down and Bancroft levelled the scores with a firm drive through mid-off for four before chipping another boundary just over short mid-off to end a memorable debut by hitting the winning runs in an Ashes Test.
Having been in a strong position as recently as lunch on the third day, England have plenty to ponder ahead of the day-night Test in Adelaide - and they will be hoping to have seen the back of any off-field incidents after Jonny Bairstow's 'headbutt' proved to be much ado about very little.
The match has not been without positives for the tourists but they will know that significant improvements in key areas are needed if they are to become the first England side since 1954/55 to come from behind to win in Australia.